Toothaches during pregnancy

Why do pregnant women often experience toothaches? How should pregnant women deal with toothaches when they should restrict the amount of drugs they use? What are the dangers of toothaches? Let’s find out in this article!

 

What are the causes of toothache during pregnancy?

Several causes of toothache during pregnancy include:

  • History of cavities or tooth decay before pregnancy.
  • Decreased level of oral hygiene due to nausea.
  • An increase in the hormone progesterone which weakens your immune system and allows more bacteria to live on your gums.
  • Changes in the pH of saliva in pregnant women. Saliva becomes more acidic and allows dental plaque to form faster.
  • Nausea and vomiting can damage tooth enamel and increase the risk of cavities.
  • Lack of calcium. During pregnancy, your calcium intake is shared between your body and the fetus. 

 

Should I visit a dentist?

Absolutely! Pregnant women should pay more attention to their oral health.

It is best to arrange a dental check up during the period between the second trimester of pregnancy to the beginning of the third trimester of pregnancy. Please refrain from getting dental treatment at the end of the third trimester as it can disrupt the condition of the uterus and affect the labor process.

 

What are the dangers of toothache during pregnancy?

The Journal of Periodontology states that toothaches accompanied by worsening gum infections can cause pregnancy disorders, such as:

  • Pregnancy complications
  • Miscarriage
  • Underweight babies
  • Premature birth

The risk of these conditions worsen if you try to relieve your toothache by consuming over-the-counter medicines without a prescription from a doctor. Mums can also try using natural ingredients such as cloves, baking soda and garlic to relieve their toothache.

 

How to deal with toothache during pregnancy

  • Consult a dentist. Before the consultation, please inform your dentist that you are pregnant! This will help the dentist adjust the appropriate dosage of toothache medicine.
  • Gargling with salt water. This is a simple but powerful step. Mix 1 cup of water with half a teaspoon of salt. 
  • Consume less sweet or sugary food. If you have problems cutting off sugar completely, try reducing it little by little. Alternatively, gargle regularly with plain water and brush your teeth after eating to prevent bacterial infection.
  • Consume more fruits and vegetables. This is especially effective for mums who have a toothache at the third trimester. Foods rich in fiber will help clean leftovers in the mouth. 
  • Avoid mouthwash containing alcohol. Alcohol can kill the beneficial bacteria in the mouth, allowing harmful bacteria to damage the tooth enamel. Choose non-alcohol mouthwashes that are safe for pregnant and breastfeeding women.
  • Brush your teeth more diligently. It’s simple, but also very important for your dental health. Brush at least 2 times a day, especially before bed. You are encouraged to choose a toothpaste that is safe for yourself and your baby.

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