4 Causes of Bleeding and Swollen Gums in Kids and How To Deal With Them

Bleeding gums in children indicate a problem with your little one’s oral health. Luckily, there are several ways to stop the swelling and bleeding in children’s gums.

“Bleeding gums in toddlers can be caused by inflammation and infection that harm your teeth, mouth and overall health.” – Kids Healthy Teeth 

Gum inflammation is also called gingivitis. This is a condition where plaque and tartar form around the gums. 

Swollen gums can look alarming – but they are often treatable. The key is to start dealing with the matter immediately before it leads to a gum disease called periodontitis.

Periodontitis is an infection that destroys the tissues and bones that hold the teeth in place. Over time this infection can cause tooth loss. According to Children’s Wisconsin, as many as 50% of children experience periodontitis.

Signs that Your Kid Has Swollen Gums

Here are some of the things to look out for if you want to assess your kid’s gums.

1. Bleeding when brushing teeth

The presence of blood when the child is brushing his teeth can be caused by brushing too hard. However, if blood is still visible after brushing gently, this is a sign of swollen gums.

Blood can appear due to plaque buildup at the gum line. Despite this, the teeth still have to be brushed twice daily so that plaque does not accumulate.

2. Bad breath

One of the causes of swollen gums is the buildup of plaque around the gum line. The bacteria around the plaque produce toxins that can make a child’s breath smell bad.

3. There is a gap between the teeth

Gums have an essential role in supporting the teeth. Therefore, swollen and inflamed gums can potentially change the structure of the teeth in the long term.

One of the complications is tenuous, with gaps between the teeth.

4. Alignment changes in the jaw

Furthermore, swollen and inflamed gums that are not treated immediately can eventually cause a change in the alignment of the child’s jaw. 

Causes of Swollen and Bleeding Gums in Children


Here are the causes of swollen and bleeding gums in children.

1. Rough toothbrush

A new toothbrush that is too rough can injure a child’s gums, causing them to bleed. In addition, if the child rubs too hard, it can also cause injury that may cause a child’s gums to swell and bleed.

2. Not brushing often enough

Don’t underestimate the habit of brushing your child’s teeth. Being unable to brush twice a day can cause food scraps to accumulate into plaque or tartar.

Tartar will make the gums swollen and bleed, especially when brushing your teeth.

3. Unhealthy diet 

Consuming food or drinks with high sugar levels can increase the chances of tartar formation on the teeth. On top of this, you should also be wary of giving your child enough Vitamin C.

How to Deal with Swollen Gums in Kids

Here are some things you can do to help your kids overcome swollen gums.

1. Pay attention to your little one’s food

Limit sugar consumption, such as candy, chocolate, soft drinks, etc. On top of this, you should also convince children to brush their teeth immediately after eating or drinking that contains a lot of sugar.

2. Consult a dentist regularly

It is essential to leave the child’s dental health to the experts. Make sure to have regular check-ups with a trusted dentist at least 1-2 times every year.

Furthermore, try not to change doctors so that the child’s dental development can continue to be monitored optimally.

3. Diligently brush teeth

Good habits should start in childhood. This includes brushing your teeth at least two times a day.

Make sure to provide a soft toothbrush, so you don’t injure their mouth. Also, choose a special toothpaste for children with their favourite scent, so they are enthusiastic about brushing their teeth.

Best Toothpaste and Toothbrush to Prevent Swollen Gums in Kids

Mama's Choice Baby & Kids Toothpaste

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The truth is brushing is not exactly an exciting experience for children. That is why it is essential to invest in good toothpaste to give them the incentive to do so.

Fortunately, we have created the Mama’s Choice Baby & Kids Toothpaste. It comes with flavours your little one will like, such as bubblegum and strawberry. This will turn brushing into a fun activity that prevents swelling and bleeding gums.

On top of this, we are sure that you will also like the natural ingredients that are  in this toothpaste: 

  • Natural xylitol – a natural ingredient to prevent cavities.
  • Hydroxyapatite – maintains healthy structure and mineralization.
  • Organic calendula – an antibacterial and anti-irritant agent


Get a 25% Discount on Mama’s Choice Baby & Kids Toothpaste | $7.90 $5.90

Compared to ordinary toothpaste, we are proud that we did not use fluoride and sulfate content in our formulation. 

This is because despite fluoride being good for cleaning teeth, using too much fluoride in children will increase the risk of developing dental fluorosis. On the other hand, sulfates like SLS are not safe for children.

What are you waiting for? Be one step closer to a gingivitis-free mouth by ordering today!

Mama's Choice Baby Kids Toothpaste

Get a 25% Discount on Mama’s Choice Baby & Kids Toothpaste | $7.90 $5.90

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Author Mama's Choice Team

Mama's Choice Team

A team of passionate writers, young mamas, and creative superheroes who help mamas face motherhood one educational article at a time!


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